Church in cave of Zabbeleen, Egypt

Church in cave of Zabbeleen, Egypt

Village ” junk ” Cairo suburb owns the Middle East ‘s largest church , located in a unique cave with a capacity of 20,000 people .
Saint Simon Monastery , also known as the Cathedral Cave , located in the southeast of Cairo , Egypt . This area is called ” garbage city ” because most of the people living here Zabbaleen employed to collect waste . The Zabbale are descendants of farmers who migrated from Upper Egypt to Cairo in 1940. Running from poor harvest crops and poverty, they came to the city looking for work and made ​​temporary settlements around Cairo . Initially , their life quite difficult with conventional pigs, goats , chickens and other animals . But in the end , they also found work brought better income : collecting and sorting garbage . Those Zabbaleen waste classification from households in the city , take usable items and sell things more valuable, while the organic waste becomes food for cattle .

Church inthe cave

Church in cave of Zabbeleen, Egypt .

For years , the temporary settlements of Zabbale to move around the city to evade authorities . Finally , a large group settled on the cliffs of Mokattam quarries or Moquattam eastern edge of the city. This area population growth from 1980 to 8000 community ” junk ” in the capital, Cairo ‘s largest with more than 30,000 people living Zabbale .

Egyptians mostly Muslim , but 90% of people Zabbale the Coptic Christians ( Coptic is the Egyptian language was used until the 17th century ) . Christian community in Egypt is very rare . So , people still prefer to reside Zabbale Mokattam and their communities , although many fully capable of buildings elsewhere .

Local Coptic Church in Mokattam village was built in 1975 . After church , people feel safer Zabbale and start focusing peaceful settlement with the solid brick house , stone . Previously was expelled from Giza in 1970 , the only Zabbale live in makeshift huts . In 1976 a major fire occurred in Manshiyat Nasir . The villagers began to build the first church in the mountain Mokattam mountain in the area of ​​1000 m2 . Several other churches were also built . Cave Church of St. Simon in Mokattam is the largest church in the Middle East with a capacity of 20,000 people .

Church in cave of Zabbeleen, Egypt .