Salar de Uyuni Bolivia , there are approximately 10 582 km2 area of 3,656 m altitude , 25 times greater than in the U.S. Bonneville salt fields . It is located in Potosi and Oruro in southwest Bolivia , near the peaks of the Andes
According to the legend of the Aymara ethnic , native of the Andes mountains , the mountains surrounding the Salar as Tunupa , formerly Kusina Kusku and giants . Tunupa Kusku wedding , but according Kusina Kusku left us . So sad to Tunupa started crying during breastfeeding for boys . Tears of Tunupa and in -line milk and formed the Salar . Many locals believe the gods Tunupa and said that the so-called Salar Salar de Tunupa to remember about ancient ruins .
Unique Terrain : Plain salt is formed by the metabolism of the lake from prehistory . How to 30,000 to 42,000 years ago , which used to be part of the huge lake Minchin . Later , Lake Minchin became Tauca lake has a depth of about 140m . When dry , it transforms into two pools Poopo , Uru URU and two desert Salar de Coipasa , larger Salar de Uyuni desert . Lake Poopo located near Lake Titicaca is wider . In the wet season , water from overflowing into Lake Titicaca Poop , and flooding occurred in Salar de Uyuni Salar de Coipasa and .
Sludge from the salt lakes and salt water seeped into the subsurface salt fields . Salt water is a solution of dissolved minerals such as sodium chloride , lithium chloride and magnesium chloride in water . It is covered by a hard crust of salt around a few meters thick . The middle of the Salar consists of several islands , where the remains of the old ancient volcano sank in the lake water during dating Minchin . We have an unusual structure and fragile coral-like with everything else the same deposition below as algae and meteorites . The average temperature here is quite stable , around 21 degrees Celsius on November to January and about 13 degrees C in June . However , at night , cold temperatures throughout the year from between -9 ° C and 5 degrees C. air humidity is relatively low and has not changed in years from 30 to 45 % . Low rainfall from 1 to 3 mm / month in mid- April and November , but increased to 70mm in January . Except for January , even on rainy days rainy season usually less than 5 times per month .
Flora is equally rich and diverse : In fact , Salar almost no wild populations and tree except the big cactus . They grow close together so much that only 1cm per year , about 12 meters high . Some other shrubs as Pilaya , the local medicinal plant and used as fuel Thola as gasoline . In November each year , Salar de Uyuni is the gathering place of the three species of South American flamingos are gorgeous Chilean flamingos , flamingos and Andean flamingos James . Our pink stems perhaps from eating red seaweed varieties . There are over eighty different species of birds like Andean Goose , Andean fox , horned bird , rabbit …
With an area of vast , blue skies and smooth surface , Salar de Uyuni is the ideal location for measuring the altitude of the satellite earth observation . Moreover, it is also the arterial road transport across the high plains of Bolivia , the transition zone climate more tropical clouds , formed in the eastern part of the Salar de Uyuni salt plains in summer , but do not spill over to the East coast arid country near the border of Chile and the Atacama Desert .